Standards encapsulate organizational wisdom because they capture good practice that have evolved over the years. Knowledge that might be captured in organizational standards include:
1. Knowledge of specific types of fault that commonly occur in the type of software developed by an organization. This might be encapsulated in a standard review checklist.
2. Knowledge of the types of system model that have proved useful for software maintenance. This can be encapsulated in design documentation standards.
3. Knowledge of tool support that has been useful for a range of projects. This can be encapsulated in a standard for a development environment to be used by all projects.
4. Knowledge of the type of information that is useful to include as comments in code. This can be encapsulated in a code commenting standard.