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Suppose an application generates chunks of 40 bytes of data every 20 msec, and each chunk gets encapsulated in a TCP segment and then an IP datagram. What percentage of each datagram will be overhead, and what percentage will be application data?

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Consider the data,

The size of chunks generated = 40 bytes

The time is taken to generate a chunk = 

The size of the TCP (Transmission Control Protocol) header = 20 bytes

The size of the IP header = 20 bytes

Calculate the total size of the header by using the below formula:

Calculate the total segment size by using the below formula:

Calculate the percentage of the datagram is as following:

Therefore, the percentage of overhead is  and application data is .

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