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Centralized and distributed routing algorithms:

Example for Centralized routing algorithm: Open Shortest Path First (OSPF).

• OSPF takes the centralized approach as a complete topological map, which is constructed by each router for the entire autonomous system.

Example for Distributed routing algorithm: Border Gateway Protocol (BGP).

• BGP takes the decentralized approach for routing the packet, like each node maintains it cost estimates, and each router has a forwarding table across multiple autonomous systems.

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