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The statement, “In WEP, an initialization vector (IV) is sent in the clear in every frame”, is True.

Wired Equivalent Privacy (WEP) protocol is used to provide secure transmission between a wireless host and access point.

• The WEP protocol appends a 24-bit initialization vector (IV) to the 40-bit symmetric shared key (KS) to form a 64-bit key and uses this 64-bit key to encrypt the data frames.

• Since, each data frame is encrypted with different initialization vector (IV), the IV value is sent with plain text in each data frame.

• The receiver forms the 64-bit key by appending the IV to shared secret key (KS) and decrypts the data frame using this 64-bit key.

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