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Differences between a file and database:

• A file is a collection of similar records, but in database is a collection of related data.

• The file is a single entity by users and applications and may be referenced by name. The database is the relationships among the elements of data.

Files have unique names and these can be created and deleted. It is a shared system; users and programs are granted or denied access to entire files. A database may contain all of the information relates to an organization. There is a separate database management system that is independent of the operating system, that system makes use of some file management programs.

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