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Network configuration is simply the process undergone to setup a computer network, it entails putting in place parameters and procedure, setting up routers and assigning IP addresses with the aim of providing connectivity either between a device to device or device to the internet.

Types of network connection

There are numerous types of network configuration each serving a unique purpose and for a range of users. Presently there are 11 known types of network configuration, some of which are:

Local Area Network: LANs are one of the most common and popular networks, they connect computers together within the same space, such as a building or at most 3 buildings close to each other.

Personal Area Network: PANs can be said to be the simple forms of network configurations as well as the smallest, a PAN basically refers an individual’s personal workspace with his or her multiple devices connected and being able to transmit and receive data.

Wide Area Network: Wide area networks are networks used to connect a relatively large amount of electronic devices over a network can span miles, covering multiples buildings.

Campus Area Network: A campus area network is a term used to refer to computer networks that cover a relatively large area such as a university or school, devices within this network are connected and are able to share resources.

Wireless Local Area Network: This type of network has same characteristics as LAN when it comes to the area and range of computers it covers and connects, but it differs in the sense that it uses wireless technologies for its connectivity, devices on this network do not need physical access points such as connecting cables.

Metropolitan Area Network: Very similar to a Lan network but happens to be bigger, it covers a wider range of connectivity, such as a city or geographical area.

Virtual Private Network: A virtual private network is used to describe the connection of private devices through a protected channel using public networks, this is done through a point to point which serves a direct link between two parties, thereby giving users access to a private network.

Enterprise Private Network: This refers to a computer network configuration owned by a single entity such as an enterprise, company in which it connects to various establishments of its own to share resources securely.

Difference between peer to peer and client/server

In peer to peer networks every node has the ability to make request and also render service, so each endpoint in the peer to peer plays role of both host and client, while in client/server network each role is defined as the client makes request for services and the server responds to the request by providing services.


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