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• A typical system required interrupt controller, DMS controller, Timer chip, Clock chip, Bus controller chip, I/O peripheral interface chip etc, to make the computer work as a complete unit.

• The IBM PC, XT, AT, Pentium etc. use standard Inter chips intended for any computer built around an Intel CPU.

• Modern developments in electronics have made it possible to produce VERY LARGE SCALE INTEGRATED CIRCUITS(VLSIC), and now just two or three of these VLSIC chips can do the work which were previously performed by dozens of different chips.

• These set of VLSIC chips are called ‘CHIPSETS’.

• A typical chipset contains in one or two VLSIC chips all the support logic required by the processor to function as a complete system.

• Many of these chipset maker include serial and parallel ports, floppy and hard disk controllers, USB support, LAN and audio support, and display adapter on the chipset itself.

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