# Explain 1’s Complement & 2’s Complement ?

+1 vote
32 views +1 vote by
selected by (user.guest)

1’s Complement

In the 1’s complement format, the positive numbers remain unchanged. The negative numbers are obtained by taking the 1’s complement of the positive counterparts. For example, +9 will be represented as 00001001 in eight-bit notation, and −9 will be represented as 11110110, which is the 1’s complement of 00001001. Again, n-bit notation can be used to represent numbers in the range from −(2n−1 − 1) to +(2n−1 − 1) using the 1’s complement format. The eight-bit representation of the 1’s complement format can be used to represent decimal numbers in the range from −127 to +127.

2’s Complement

In the 2’s complement representation of binary numbers, the MSB represents the sign, with a ‘0’ used for a plus sign and a ‘1’ used for a minus sign. The remaining bits are used for representing magnitude. Positive magnitudes are represented in the same way as in the case of sign-bit or 1’s complement representation. Negative magnitudes are represented by the 2’s complement of their positive counterparts. For example, +9 would be represented as 00001001, and −9 would be written as 11110111. Please note that, if the 2’s complement of the magnitude of +9 gives a magnitude of −9, then the reverse process will also be true, i.e. the 2’s complement of the magnitude of −9 will give a magnitude of +9. The n-bit notation of the 2’s complement format can be used to represent all decimal numbers in the range from +(2n−1 − 1) to −(2n−1. The 2’s complement format is very popular as it is very easy to generate the 2’s complement of a binary number and also because arithmetic operations are relatively easier to perform when the numbers are represented in the 2’s complement format.

+1 vote
+1 vote
+1 vote
+1 vote
+1 vote
+1 vote
+1 vote
+1 vote
+1 vote
+1 vote
+1 vote
+1 vote
+1 vote
+1 vote
+1 vote
+1 vote
+1 vote
+1 vote
+1 vote
+1 vote
+1 vote
+1 vote
+1 vote
+1 vote
+1 vote
+1 vote
+1 vote
–1 vote
+1 vote
+1 vote
+1 vote
+1 vote
+1 vote
+1 vote
+1 vote
+1 vote
+1 vote