The software process activities usually include the following in any model:
- Software specification also known as requirements engineering
- Software design and implementation
- Software verification and validation
- Software evolution and software maintenance.
There are various software development or process model, known for their different strengths and are suitable for a specific kind of project. Certain models are used for simple software projects like the waterfall model, the V-model and there are other methodologies for more complex projects like the Agile methods.